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Young Turks in World War 1

YOUNG TURKS AND WORLD WAR I First of all please read our writings. Because it has relations with them. The Ottoman Empire However, these reforms were unable to stem further military humiliation. Albanian uprisings and the Italian invasion of Ottoman North Africa were followed by alliances among the Balkan states of Serbia, Montenegro, Bulgaria, and

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The Ottoman Empire ; the Plot Thickens

Ottoman Empire: The Plot Thickens During the 19th century, the Ottoman Empire was dubbed “the sick man of Europe.” European powers preferred that it remain a buffer state, helping to stabilize the balance of power established after Napoleon’s defeat in 1815. Russia seized as much as it could (Greece, Serbia, Wallacia, Georgia, and Danube ports)

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The Ottoman Empire Chapter 3

First read the second chapter: The Ottoman Empire Chapter 2 The first major blow to the empire’s international reputation came with the Battle of Lepanto in 1571. Austria’s Don Juan led a Holy League that sank 200 of the 245 Turkish ships in an unprecedented naval demolition derby. Afterwards, the pace of Ottoman expansion slowed

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The Ottoman Empire Chapter 2

First read the first chapter: The Ottoman Empire HOW SULEYMAN THE MAGNIFICENT GOT HIS NAME In 1520, Süleyman inherited an Ottoman Empire fresh from con- Accession of quests in Egypt, Syria and the Arabian peninsula. As Sultan (1520-66), the land-hungry Süleyman doubled the empire’s size again, securing borders from the Balkans to Iraq and south

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The Ottoman Empire

THE EARLY YEARS The Beylik Period, which began after Selçuk centralized power collapsed in 1335, featured fragmented politics and competing fiefdoms (beylik). In the free for all land grab that followed the disintegrating Sultanate of Rum, a minor chieftain named Osman claimed the northwest corner near’ Bursa in 1326 and expelled the Byzantines. Though the

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The Great Selcuk Sultane Chapter 2

First read the first chapter: The Great Seljuk Sultane Taking advantage of a weakened Byzantine empire, Sultan Kay-Khosrow I (1192-1205) recaptured Konya in 1205 with the aid of frontier Turkmen tribes. The Sultanate of Rum was reunified and expanded vigorously to the west and to the north, absorbing the remnants of the Byzantine Empire. The

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Christianity and the Byzantine Empire

CHRISTIANITY AND THE BYZANTINE EMPIRE (AD 36-1000) In AD 36, St. Paul the Apostle traveled through Asia Minor, spreading Christianity and establishing the seven Churches of Revelation. From Antioch, through Cappadocia, and into Greece, he converted Gentiles while raising the ire of local Jews and pagans. Persecution only lessened in 251, with the third century,

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History of Turkey ; Alexander the Great and the Pax Romana

ALEXANDER THE GREAT AND THE PAX ROMANA Persian hegemony over Asia Minor lasted until 333 BC, when their army was routed by Alexander the Great at İskenderun It was during this campaign that Alexander chose to slice rather than untie the mythical Gordion knot, thereby making himself the master of Asia (Gordion). Alexander’s conquests disseminated

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History of Turkey

ANCIENT ASIA MINOR (7000 BC-AD 36)  FROM HITTITES TO HELLENES  The beginning of the Neolithic Era in 7000 BC heralded the development of settlements and agriculture. Though the oldest evidence of settlements in Turkey is at Hacilar, 25km southeast of Burdur, the most impressive is Qatalhoyiik on the Konya Plain, where early settlers traded razor